Students complete 3-4 years of college courses followed by a 1-year clinical practicum at an accredited hospital. Following completion of the baccalaureate degree, students are then eligible to sit for national certification exams to become an MT(ASCP); Medical Technologist Certified through the American Society of Clinical Pathology or CLS(NCA); Clinical Laboratory Scientist Certified by the National Certification Agency for Clinical Laboratory Personnel.

Following completion of this basic degree the individual may choose to specialize in additional areas such as cytotechnology, hematology, forensic medicine, or blood banking.