Student Learning Outcomes
Ability-Based Educational Competencies
Develop Professional Attributes and Qualities
- Communicate Effectively – Develop the verbal and written communication skills that facilitate successful patient education and foster effective communication and collaboration with other healthcare professionals.
- Think Critically – Analyze information, identify problems, and apply knowledge and skills to solve problems and make appropriate decisions. Develop scholarly traits of life-long self-directed learning and intellectual inquiry.
- Demonstrate Citizenship, Leadership, Professionalism, and Cultural Awareness – Become an advocate for the profession through professional and ethical interactions with patients, healthcare professionals, policy makers, and culturally diverse populations.
Manage Information, Systems, and Technology
- Manage Information and Technology–Demonstrate the ability to interpret, evaluate, and establish the suitability, accuracy, and reliability of data obtained from the primary medical and pharmaceutical literature and other information resources. Evaluate and select appropriate technologies to perform professional functions.
- Prepare, Distribute and Administer Drug Products –Demonstrate the ability to accurately interpret the prescription, select the appropriate dosage form, route and method of administration, appropriately package and label the product, administer products as allowed by law and effectively counsel patients and healthcare professionals.
- Manage Systems – Use and evaluate acquisition, inventory control and distribution systems and technology, while documenting and maintaining quality assurance. Utilize management theories and information technology to plan, organize, direct and control pharmaceutical care systems including human, material and financial resources.
Provide Patient-Centered Care
- Assess Patients – Contribute to the database of patient information by (a) performing a medication history, review of systems and physical assessment; (b) recommending and interpreting laboratory tests; (c) assessing medical, cultural, genetic, psychosocial, behavioral and economic status; and (d) identifying potential drug-related problems.
- Make Pharmacotherapeutic Decisions – Utilize available patient assessment data to develop individualized therapy through the application of an evidence-based approach to formulate drug and non-drug therapy recommendations.
- Provide Pharmaceutical Care – Maximize patient responses to drug therapy and prevent or resolve drug-related problems to ensure optimal outcomes. Appropriately document the implementation and outcomes of medication therapy management as part of a multidisciplinary health care approach. Pharmaceutical care shall include medical devices, as needed, including culturally based needs assessment and educational information (e.g., nutrition, lifestyle, etc.) intended to promote general health and prevent or minimize disease progression.
Promote Public Health and Wellness
- Provide quality health and disease prevention services to the public – Promote wellness, public health, and patient safety initiatives. Participate in community health education programs to foster rational drug use. Evaluate epidemiological, pharmacoeconomic, and pharmacogenomic data to identify and solve drug-related public health problems.
- Serve as an advocate for effective public health policies – Contribute to the development and implementation of public health policy initiatives. Serve as a resource for drug-related public health information and team with other health care professionals to facilitate well-informed policy decisions by legislative and regulatory agencies.